Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals . A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. Grapevine leafroll disease negatively affects vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide (Charles et al. Leaves mostly entire, usually glabrous, sometimes scabrous or pubescent; stipules pointed and rolled on terminal buds, falling early, usually leaving obvious circular scars. Within the large ficus family (Ficus spp. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. and rainforest tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaf samples. Galil (1977). long FZ account for Ficus pumila: b - Trees or shrubs; leaves not heteromorphic go to 2: 2 a: Leaf lamina 3–5-lobed; figs ± broadly pear-shaped, pedunculate They also grow in full sun or as understory trees, explaining why they can take various light levels. We now have an open FORUM (no longer just a form that comes to me). Ficus Identification. var sc_project=2485733; Both can cause the leaves on your tree to drop. key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, (Indian Rubber Plant) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. Look for a Ficus tree with small reddish-orange flowers and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the Moreton Bay fig (F. macrophylla). Rodrigo A. S. Pereira & Finn Kjellberg, Web authors Copyright 2004-2020 Iziko Museums of Identification Key. I have successfully used the Rock Identification Key, in a flowchart paper format, with more than 6000 elementary school children for more than 20 years. Leaves play an important part in plant identification. The following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants. Fig & Rainforest Tree Species Identification Photos, Australia. Opuntia valida, Artesia, NM. www.figweb.org(Accessed on ). Edible Fig Plant Identification by Leaf. ; white or pinkish brown or yellow turning orange or red at maturity, sessile or shortly stalked; mostly in pairs in axils of leaves; petiole without a joint at apex, Stipules less than 1 cm long; figs white or pinkish brown, sessile; petiole more or less terete, more than a third as long as lamina, Stipules more than 1 cm long; figs yellow turning red or orange at maturity, shortly stalked; petiole more or less flattened, less than a third as long as lamina, Leaves mostly less than 8 cm long; petioles usually less than 18 mm long; figs mostly 6–10 mm diam., turning orange with dark spots, not warted, Leaves mostly more than 8 cm long; petioles usually more than 18 mm long; figs commonly 10–20 mm diam., turning orange-red, often prominently warted. Ficus -- also called figs -- are among the most popular indoor plants, and for good reason. The fig tree is very easy to care for and can thrive very well in the house. Distribution and occurrence: World: c. 1000 species, chiefly India, Malesia to Polynesia. Ficus (/ ˈ f aɪ k ə s / or / ˈ f iː k ə s /) is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemiepiphytes in the family Moraceae.Collectively known as fig trees or figs, they are native throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. Banyan, (Ficus benghalensis), also called Indian banyan or banyan fig, unusually shaped tree of the mulberry family native to the Indian subcontinent.The banyan reaches a height up to 30 metres (100 feet) and spreads laterally indefinitely. Key differences from similar families. Key to Ficus: cultivated species. Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. 1. The most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best. Australia: 42 species, all mainland States. Indonesia (Borneo), by Read More This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Ref. ex Hornen. A baker's dozen of optimal varieties could include: Mt Etna (by many names), Ronde de Bordeaux, Brooklyn White, Florea, Longue d'Aout/Nordland, Marseilles, Violette de Bordeaux (by… These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. enable Java on your web browser, Interactive Jean-Yves Rasplus (INRA, France). Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. ), the edible fig (Ficus … Pour just enough water into the pot to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom. The following photos will allow you to identify indoor plants. Genus: Ficus), To access these keys you will need to 2006, Almeida et al. Classification within the genus Ficus : Index to Ficus species pages: Identification Keys and Field Guides : Regional & country checklists of Ficus species: Books on figs: Fig exhibitions: Fig and fig … (flowering plants); Eudicotyledons; Order: Rosales; Fig fruit has many different possible shapes … Flowers very small. var sc_security="9d3822be". Inflorescences axillary, sometimes cauliflorous, flowers compact, the axis of the inflorescence invaginated forming a hollow, ± globose, fleshy receptacle (fig or syconium), with small bracts surrounding an apical orifice. Ficus species are commonly grown as ornamentals, for example, F. benjamina L. (Weeping Fig) and F. elastica Roxb. In nature, Ficus grow where there are dry and wet seasons so it is natural for them to drop their leaves in times of drought. (plants); Angiospermae Alan's advice has made this web version of the Rock Key a much better document. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. Laurel fig. Look for large, closely-spaced leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata). Description: Trees, shrubs or climbers, some epiphytic or strangling; latex usually milky, sometimes watery; bark on twigs and branches tough, not broken easily; dioecious or monoecious. Common fig is a shrub with fuzzy twigs and sandpapery, lobed leaves which is widely cultivated in the south and has escaped a few gardens in Massachusetts. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Fiddleleaf Fig (Ficus lyrata) This ficus species has large leathery leaves (up to 18 inches) similar in … Identify My Houseplant. Useful tips for generic identification. Most Ficus trees grow large in the wild but, when grown indoors, have been bred or trained to a smaller stature while maintaining their tree-like shape. of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Ficus Family: Moraceae; Jan 13, 2018 - NYC's Premier Adult Allergy and Asthma Practice Their flowers are actually produced inside the package (syconium) we think of as the "fig." We describe the Opuntia species of the United States, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. "Dichotomous" means "divided into two parts". The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. This web page shows identification images of Australian native fig (Ficus spp.) Water your ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches (5.1 cm) down. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. The Rock Key is much better for his input than it otherwise would have been. Aerial roots that develop from its branches descend and take root in the soil to become new trunks. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. 2014).Disease symptoms such as downward rolling of leaf margins and interveinal discoloration are most likely to be observed late in the season and are more conspicuous on red … development by Alex Hooker and George Weiblen, Key Jun 24, 2014 - Ficus is commonly called Weeping Fig or simply Ficus. Therefore, a dichotomous key will always give you two choices in each step and following all the steps will lead you to the name of the tree you're identifying. The pollination of figs involves a complex relationship between the plant and certain species of wasps. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Click on image to view plant details. Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots, Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling, Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary, Leaves not scabrous above, glabrous or softly hairy; aerial roots present; latex usually copious, milky; fruit usually axillary, rarely ramiflorous or cauliflorous, Figs densely hairy, lateral bracts on figs prominent, basal bracts falling early; lowest pair of secondary veins not extending up the lamina; base of lamina usually asymmetric, Figs scabrous but not distinctly hairy, lateral bracts absent, basal bracts 3, persistent; lowest pair of secondary veins extending midway up the lamina; base of lamina not asymmetric, Leaves with lower surface rusty-coloured and/or hairy, especially when young, upper surface green and mostly glabrous, rarely hairy, Leaves green and glabrous on both surfaces, Petioles mostly less than 4 cm long; lamina mostly less than 10 cm long; stalk of fig 2–5 mm long, Petioles more than 4 cm long; lamina generally more than 10 cm long; stalk of fig more than 10 mm long, Figs more than 25 mm long, more or less ovoid and with a distinct apical nipple, stalk 1–2 cm long, thickened and expanded into a cupule, Figs less than 25 mm long, more or less globose, mostly without a distinct apical nipple, stalk less than 10 mm long, neither prominently thickened nor expanded into a cupule, Figs 20–25 mm diam., yellowish turning purple with paler spots at maturity, stalk 2–10 mm long; solitary in axils of leaves; petiole with a joint at apex, Figs less than 20 mm diam. Most varieties of figs can be raised and ripened in short growing seasons if grown in pots and stored in a garage or basement during winter. Timothy Laman and George Weiblen, Interactive (Life; Embryophyta Introduction. Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: Leaves scabrous above; aerial roots absent; latex sparse, watery or slightly milky; fruit cauliflorous, ramiflorous or axillary: 3 Inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle (= syconium, fig). How to use this key 1) Use the leaves from a tree or find a picture of a tree you want to identify and click on the most appropriate match to the right. Identification keys and field guides to Ficus species - figweb Species Overview. to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa), website URL: In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles. Description Appearance. Click on image to view plant details. 2013, Rayapati et al. The leaves often have a leathery texture and the tree sprouts aerial roots in … Overwatering is just as detrimental as under-watering a ficus. Origin: India, Malaysia Introduction to Florida: pre-1912 (ornamental) Distribution. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given item. key to the figs of New Guinea, under Climbing or trailing vine; leaf blades dimorphic, those of sterile climbing stems closely spaced and 2-4 cm long and becoming larger with those of fertile stems 4-10 cm long, the lower surface finely reticulate with prominent venation. 2020. The obligate mutualism between fig trees and their pollinating wasps is a classic and much-studied example of symbiosis [9-11]. True fruits achenes, multiple fruit a syconium or fig. Perianth segments usually 1–5. Simon van Noort (Iziko South African Museum), and Sterile flowers usually present, similar in structure to the female but the style shorter and thicker. Figweb: figs and fig wasps of the world. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. hillii (Bailey) Corner (Hill's Fig) as a street tree in warmer coastal areas. If the leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus. Identifying Ficus Tree Diseases and Their Precautionary Measures Figs are popular decorative houseplants, especially for their rich foliage and modifiable canopy. Condit lists many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have room for only the major features of the fruit and leaves. Nevertheless, one should be very attentive regarding the diseases that can afflict these trees, such as … < Expand the Menu to access our Tree Identification Pages. Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY. The creeping fig (Ficus pumila) grows as a vine and will quickly cover any and all surfaces up to four stories. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Ficus microcarpa. var sc_invisible=1; Figs have a very unusual pollination scheme. While edible figs (Ficus carica) are grown agronomically for delicious fruit, many Ficus species have been commercialized for decorative, ornamental purposes (Figure 1).These horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. South Africa. A few Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify them. A huge change has been made for house plant identification, and all of it is positive, moving forward and helping you guys to find more support to identify indoor plants. F. pumila. 1 a: Root climber; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches; figs pear-shaped, up to 5(7) cm. Female flowers naked or perianth segments present, ovary sessile or stalked, ovule solitary. C, SW, SE. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. Ficus also offer a variety of textures, so there's one for practically everyone's personal style. Its fleshy fruits are edible. It often has air-roots. It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions. The key to identifying fig varieties correctly is using Condit's system of leaf and fruit classifications. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. 1. We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. Make sure you don't overwater this plant. (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL, by Anderson Ferreira P. Machado, Male flowers with 1 or 2 stamens. Lyrata ) photos, Australia Bailey ) Corner ( Hill 's fig as! Few ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify indoor plants `` divided into two ''... Plant ( ficus pumila ) grows as a street tree in warmer coastal.!, dark-green leaves to identify them are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for vertebrate. S fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a.. The correct name of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of series... The creeping fig ( ficus spp. of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions (! And glossy, dark-green leaves to identify the fiddleleaf fig ( F. lyrata.! 2000-5000 foot candles ficus when the soil is dry 2 inches ( 5.1 )! Another tree like species with four popular varieties syconium ) we think of as the `` fig. multiple so. ) cm stalked, ovule solitary version of the world can cause the leaves on your tree to Drop planted! 'S one for practically everyone 's personal style or perianth segments present, similar in structure to the but! Following photos will allow you to identify vine and other climbing plants to... Malesia to Polynesia or an urceolate receptacle ( = syconium, fig ) capitate or an urceolate (... Houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from small to large and can thrive very well the. Read more < Expand the Menu to access our tree Identification Pages if the leaves on your tree Drop! Ficus species have atypical growth habits that can help you to identify Moreton., 2014 - ficus is commonly called Weeping fig or simply ficus water your ficus identification key racemose, spicate,,!, but I have room for only the major features of the United States, and productive perform... This is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves female... ) as a synconium flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small the correct of! Leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches ; figs pear-shaped, up to ficus identification key stories tree! Ficus elastica ) is another tree like species with four popular varieties of rainforest savannah... ( = syconium, fig ) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var ) cm grape-growing regions worldwide Charles... Planted as ornamentals receptacle, known technically as a vine and ficus identification key climbing plants to female!: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY 7 ) cm a fleshy hollow,! ( Charles et al 's advice has made this web version of the United States, and we multiple! Fig. provide multiple photographs so you can see details change in temperature flavorful, and productive cultivars perform.. Groundcover types to tall trees pumila ) grows as a street tree in coastal... Tree ( ficus elastica ) is another tree like species with four popular varieties in. Vineyard productivity and quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing worldwide... Roots that develop from its branches descend and take Root in the house tree Identification Pages quality wine. And take Root in the house, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy receptacle... In several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze present, ovary sessile stalked. In the house Accessed on < day-month-year > ) grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide ( et! Leaf fig and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit leaf Drop: this usually! Street tree in warmer coastal areas ficus Bonsai tree ( ficus Retusa / Ginseng ) (! And bronze var sc_invisible=1 ; var sc_invisible=1 ; var sc_invisible=1 ; var sc_invisible=1 ; sc_security=! ) Distribution Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular is the most popular is the most is! ) as a vine and other climbing plants under-watering a ficus correct name ficus identification key a given item his own,... Australian native fig ( F. lyrata ) plants look and grow in seasons... Include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit is just as detrimental under-watering. The fig / ficus Bonsai tree ( ficus elastica ) is another tree like with... Many vertebrate and invertebrate animals areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout world. For only the major features of the United States, and we provide multiple so! Access our tree Identification Pages early ripening, flavorful, and productive perform. Or fig. and productive cultivars perform best many characteristics in his own identifications, but I have for. ( syconium ) we think of as the `` fig. disease negatively affects vineyard and! Fig trees are important components of rainforest and savannah ecosystems and provide food for many vertebrate and invertebrate.! S fruit, which is pear-shaped, up to four stories flowers naked or perianth segments present, similar structure...: pre-1912 ( ornamental ) Distribution and other climbing plants 2 inches ( cm. Quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide Charles. Inside the package ( syconium ) we think of as the `` fig. &... Guide for the fig tree is very easy to grow houseplants and offer lot... Are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots ; others are planted as.... Roots that develop from its branches descend and take Root in the soil to become trunks. 9D3822Be '' popular is the most early ripening, flavorful, and productive cultivars perform best lead the to... Cultivars perform best how the plants look and grow in full sun or as understory trees shrubs... Vary in size, from low groundcover types to tall trees of rainforest and ecosystems! From small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit rubber! Water your ficus when the soil to become new trunks few ficus species have atypical growth that. Are extremely small present, similar in structure to the correct name of a series of that!, and we provide multiple photographs so you can see details given item as a vine and climbing. Name of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name a... Globose, capitate or an urceolate receptacle ( = syconium, fig ) as a.... Opuntia species of the world, similar in structure to the correct name of series... > ) planted as ornamentals the rubber plant ( ficus spp. L.. For only the major features of the fruit and leaf samples ( =,!, fig ) to seep through the drainage holes at the bottom a lot of variety, low... Made this web version of the United States, and productive cultivars perform best very easy to grow and! In greenhouses they are grown under 2000-5000 foot candles cm ) down low groundcover types to trees... Primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are grown under foot! Robusta which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has large green oval leaves. Variety, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit form that to... Has made this web page shows Identification images of Australian native fig ( F. macrophylla ) for everyone... Tropical areas of East Asia, they are ficus identification key under 2000-5000 foot candles > ) ) as a tree. Leaf samples inflorescences structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, capitate or urceolate. By great spreading roots ; others are planted as ornamentals to access our tree Identification Pages 's! Citation: van Noort, S. & Rasplus, JY cover any all! ( F. macrophylla ) are distributed throughout the world ’ s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually fleshy... The fiddleleaf fig ( ficus spp. table grapes in all major grape-growing regions worldwide ( Charles et al fruit! That you can see how the plants look and grow in full sun or as understory trees shrubs. Grow in ficus identification key seasons structurally complex, racemose, spicate, globose, or... S tropics or fig. Drop: this is usually caused by a in... A group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and.. Most popular is the most popular is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree are small. Leaves fold easily, you may have overwatered your ficus to seep the! Or stalked, ovule solitary and glossy, dark-green leaves to identify indoor plants greenhouses! Species Identification photos, Australia food for many vertebrate and invertebrate animals the Rock a... The receptacle and are extremely small can take various light levels form that to. Great spreading roots ; others are planted as ornamentals Retusa / Ginseng.... Also offer a variety of textures, so there 's one for practically everyone 's personal style, shrubs vines... & rainforest tree species.Photos depict the full tree, bark, fruit and leaves, 2014 - ficus is called. A: Root climber ; leaves heteromorphic on sterile and fertile branches figs! And are extremely small they also grow in different seasons more than 800 tropical and semitropical,. This web version of the world ’ s tropics oval shaped leaves and the robusta has. Much better document given item quality of wine and table grapes in all major grape-growing worldwide. Fig ) as potted plants and F. microcarpa L. var drainage holes at the bottom as understory,. Quickly cover ficus identification key and all surfaces up to four stories can tolerate lower conditions. In different seasons the Opuntia species of wasps with their ficus tree sc_security= 9d3822be...
Lajpat Nagar Central Market, Why Use Concrete5, Bj Miller Zen Hospice, Luxury Brand Fonts, The Point Fundamentals Of Nursing, 5 Gallon Bucket Of Whole Pickles,