/Outlines 203 0 R Classification of Computer 1. Although personal computers are designed as sin… ��\�C�t���q���o[$W�֨��9���#�� R��iab�˥��`���h�͐F�pZtbn.�*L�*f݌�Ȣ��o�O���{R�|�n� Introduction to Computers . •Minicomputer is usually designed to serve multiple users simultaneously. We will also introduce a mobile app for viewing all the notes on mobile. E�`p stream On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. The computers are broadly classified into four categories based on their size and type : (1) Microcomputers, (2) Minicomputers, (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. affects the performance of a program for different tasks. BASIC STRUCTURE OF COMPUTERS: Computer Organization pdf Notes. According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. /Group <> %�쏢 �\T�5��/��zrWM5��&J/GIt*�3[���7�I!��t->[4��� ��L�~���������lO!�P;����cgTM�Q�2���@�N��V c��x>t!�{_�+A'����){M. /Parent 2 0 R At home, the most popular use for personal computers is playing games and surfing the Internet. Computers are classified into various types based on historical development (computer generation), purpose, technology used, and size & storage capacity. ^ ��d���y��-_A�e\TUWC�A��p���f��F���y����@ �ރm-j,��m�{_x.�vR��`���L|Vf��_E���0@z� Learning Outcomes At t he end of the lesson, I should be able to: (1) Identify computers classified by type (2) State the characteristics of computers by types (3) State examples of computers by types 3 0 obj /Contents 4 0 R 1 0 obj While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that Analog computers represent variables by physical quantities. Computers are classify according to: Purpose Type of Data Handled Capacity 3. Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. <> Computer Types and Functions Computer Literacy Part 3. �q���5�s��a��d�5UM��D/k��Rz�,�� ��M�A�����H���>��ڗ�װV~S>�D�4��%�o��|��-|���c�Me�cb��y��G�'*�;��Q�ߠ4�8`IHΪF�T�R�i�h ���7׉�/Ä��0N\�B�\��g3��.��r��S�����f^"�]�g5�w(�:�P4E/�B��6���2���@���]�����.��������,�M�a���� 9=�qle��= a� ?�k28��Fw'� Mini-computer •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. § It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). i) Multiuser OS:In a multiuser OS, more than one user can use the same system at a same time through the multi I/O terminal or through the network.ii) Multiprocessing OS:A multiprocessing OS can support the execution of multiple processes at the same time. �\�%��k>�)����p&�m%_g���;�UU�7[�G���}�֊��&�6���D�I:P endobj >> Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. 2. The term ‘capacity’ refers to the volume of work or the data processing capability a computer can handle. Although personal computers are designed as single-user systems, these systems are normally linked together to form a network. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate 2. �����\��sS���ظ�5Ep.łF�S=JIh6a^7��&ۣ�nv>dM5���������*� �;�{�3�Siɓc����X�����SWx�Mv5��=���^w������a\�Hj�0��m�C��J�H�w�����4`r��pb�^.G��ue�����i=��3Fx��T鉆���B*�!�Q���TMW��� %�����s:��r�Vdb���� �H�NR���$�]R���4��X}�� Home » Networking » Communication » Classification of Computer Networks. XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. Exascale Supercomputer. • supercomputer : An extremely fast computer that can perform hundreds of millions of instructions per second. CP Unit-1: Computer Programming Pdf Notes. Generation of Computer: Every stage of technological advancement in computer development is referred to as a ‘Generation of Computer’. MCQs The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. They are more costly than laptop. A Complete Key Book in PDF Format for Class 11 (XI) / HSSC / Intermediate. Home » Fundamental » Computer » Classification. Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). Download link is provided below to Classification Of Computers. Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. The analog computer measures the changes in … The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. stream 2 0 obj computers are also called PDAs, palmtops and pocket computers. This article looked at the basic computer components and classification of computers. XT (Extended / Extra Technology) Computer : The computers that use 8086, 8088 microprocessor are called XT computers. /MediaBox [0 0 595.5600 842.0400] Classification of Computers size Technology Purpose Computer Mainframe Computer Mini Computer Micro Computer Digital Analog Hybrid General Purpose Special Purpose Desktop Laptop ... notes, organizing telephone numbers and ad-dresses. %PDF-1.4 Different-sized computers offer different services. 4 0 obj Below is the PDF notes for the Chapter 1, and its title is "Fundamentals of Computer" This is the content that you can find in the PDF. Hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting feature of a digital computer. •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. ]}�����ŋ�%�R�V��ar�鴂�>bش��K�2ǪH�m�k}�B��Q�¢�]����[N5��S���Lj�@?�&�x�a���ת��ˬG�c��{�����)�� r�K{��HZ'������=���0�e��N=�3M���PaFk��E�+�">�p��.og�k�C�U4��w���`q��a�^��ANt�ғգ^��,|2{)p���i���~Pt V"�41y8� N�W-�6w���&((��Ъ�%��v���`O��3�'w8����n(*AJ :��m+��A��F���h`�E�e�rjK��ː;����J^��B�Z��ރ�?��)i�^���A_��Z��X.K�9�[� • Most PDAs also offer a variety of other applica-tion software such as word processing, spread- Data types, Complements, Data Representation. <> and peopleware. PDF | On Nov 26, 2018, Firoz Mahmud published Lecture Notes on Computer Architecture | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate 10 Types of Computers find this file in PDF format on our class CMPE12 1) History of Computers. Starting from 1940s, computers’ performance, measured in terms of processing speed, storage capacity, accuracy of results, multi … Classification of Computers Computers can be classified according to their functionality and size. PCs are based on the microprocessor technology that enables manufacturers to put an entire CPU on one chip. Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). >> •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers. There are different classifications of computers. The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. Micro-computer. Monday, November 21, 2016 Classification of Computers by Type 2. It can execute five million instructions per second. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). Download CS8491 Computer Architecture Lecture Notes, Books, Syllabus, Part-A 2 marks with answers and CS8491 Computer Architecture Important Part-B 16 marks Questions, PDF Book, Question Bank with answers Key. MCQs Classification on the basis of size. It has smaller COMPUTER PROGRAMMING,Generation and Classification of Computers- Basic Organization of a Ccmputer -Number System -Binary – Decimal – Conversion – Problems. II. Notebook: - These computers are as powerful as desktop but size of these computers are comparatively smaller than laptop and desktop. Classification of Computers endobj Classification by Capacity Computers can be classified according to their capacity. Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. Businesses use personal computers for word processing, accounting, desktop publishing, and for running spreadsheet and database management applications. § It can quickly store and retrieve large amounts of data. The History of Computers The history of computers is interesting perform many types of calculations Computer, Its Classification Generation of Computer vary in their sizes and types. Classification Of Computers. We can classify computers on the basis of size as below: Super computer. Computer Organization Pdf Free Download. Computers types I, Computer: Definition A computer is a machine that can be programmed to manipulate symbols. The types of computers according to their functionality are analog computer, digital computer and hybrid computer. Analog Computers Analog computers are used to process continuous data. Wearable computer: - The size of this computer is very small so that it can be worn on the body. ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is considerable overlap: § Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. -+�\����孹7%.�B_ Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. We can classify computers on the basis of size as below: Super computer. XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. UNIT-I . /ExtGState <> A PC can be defined as a small, relatively inexpensive computer designed for an individual user. Hybrid computers incorporate the measuring feature of an analog computer and counting feature of a digital computer. �[�t�����=�C}��8�H!MJ@�"���VI��I������DS����ZB8�tN�"��~_*�@�Q~ZK�>߸�K�i��P�u��\����G+'���� ��f����n�-V�«ͺj7��K�8!9�կl �����+�8�j�2�*:�~��aX�83Z��6}�V���������o5��JN�m��(��g͜a�+1��_��~��c�v��x���K ���M������3� "�x�8�RRu��k2���=Y!�iC�­~����e�1�Wg��gK���'���3g7>���ثa�4���3;BK����L8��NQT�#�2����rt��Ӥ|(4�-Pc��=lAB�;�� p*�}���\m���\Q~�2��^��/vB�9�; 5 0 obj Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. It uses multiple number of CPU. Class 11 Computer Notes are free and will always remain free. /ViewerPreferences 201 0 R They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. >> �ifk�r}��A&�Z���,� Y&0�+U��Y�ouR‘�q�`�o)���X�_{Lw0α�ɥ����w�lEm�s1{�eG�7���­xؒ%+bk Mini computer is larger and more powerful computer than personal computer. Exascale Supercomputer. Computer Types, Functional units, Basic operational concepts, Bus structures, Software, Performance, multiprocessors and multi computers. Mini-computer. Computers classification*** Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is Considerable overlap: • Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. Micro-computer •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us . This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. Classification of Computers - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. �G�쀾VP�4���gy[Ӣ���L��E�s����pТ���{ǐ��%EHUxi�|������z�Gӆsv���G��Īl�c��_�2��N�F*8���,�W�9h@G7[0��H-�@L��+Z�%�{�i�a���Jt�Z �h�-�-���tvG�f�L��M"C6!&Z��n�Lr��� Note that the 19th century contributions of automating ... into the first three generations of computers. In terms of power, nowadays high-end models of the Macintosh and PC offer the same computing power and graphics capability as low-end workstations by Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, and Dell. Super computers are the largest and most powerful; microcomputers are the smallest. �� This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS We will keep adding updated notes, past papers, guess papers and other materials with time. Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. These computers are not as powerful as desktop computers. Presented by: Aasim mushtaq 2. XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). Introduction to Computers . They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. They tend to be used for specific applications in weather forecasting, aircraft design and nuclear research. Digital computer –Digital computer is the most commonly used type of computer and is used to process information with quantities using digits, usually using the binary number system.Ex – MacBook. Computer Science HSEB Notes on Classification of Computer on the Basis of Size Class : 11 The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Picture for a note on classification of computers (Mini computers) Laptop: - this computer is similar to a desktop computers but the size is smaller. On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. ]W�y�[�����#�7b�t�B�&(hocw�ߛq�S�s[L^���Q6;�H!��q�5��:괲~$���9�� ��F�c�U9Z�Ǧ�q��]��14u�s����҅��bF�? The general-purpose computers are varying widely in … They give the results with more accuracy and at a faster rate. Classification based on Size and Capability: On the basis of size and capability, digital computers can be classified as: • Super Computer • Mainframe Computer • Mini Computer • Micro Computer. WhatistheClassificationof Computer Computer are available in different shapes and weights, due to these different shapes and sizes they perform different sorts of jobs form one another. The weight of laptop is around 3 to 5 kg. Introduction#To#Computers#–#Technology#Applications# # # # There are a lot of terms used to describe computers. The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. <> Palmtop A small computer that literally fits in your palm. Classification Of Computers • • • • Micro-computers Minicomputers Mainframe computer Supercomputers Micro-c Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . Classification of Computer: Types of Computers. Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. M.Sc Computer Science Computer Notes Class 9 . Its principal characteristics are: § It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. The following figure illustrates the classification of computers based on different criteria. It generally consists of two or more processors. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. On the basis of functionality. Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. 3. endobj Basics of Computers - Classification - Historically computers were classified according to processor types because development in processor and processing speeds were the … Tyrocity.com envisions the education system of the country to be redefined through active engagement, discussions, required assistance and by bringing the right information to your fingertips. A computer can be as big as an entire room or as small as a microcontroller found in mobiles and embedded systems. Classification of Computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of Computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. Classification of Computer Presentation Transcript: 1.Classification of Computer 2.The digital computers that are available nowadays vary in their sizes and types. They are expensive than desktop. <> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. E-notes on Classification of Digital Computers Definition: A Computer A computer is an electronic device that accepts raw data, processes it according to a set of instructions and required to produce the desired result. Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. <> They weigh 2 to 3 kg. Laptop and Smartphone Computers LAPTOP: A laptop is a battery or AC-powered personal computer that can be easily /StructParents 0 The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. affects the performance of a program for different tasks. Classification of Computers Types of Computers 1. These Notes Key Book, Guide & Handouts with solved exercises are as per latest syllabus. The classification of generations has been done based on technology, speed, storage, reliability and cost. The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. ... Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. ��L>>ɱUJV��QX9U���ss�*N���B��?m�y�@s^"���V��w@6���T{��j��R��� ����Pd8KG�\��x+���ʟ�I���-��KI! Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . § Workstation: A powerful, single-user computer. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. Compared to full-size computers, palmtops are severely limited, but they are practical for certain functions such as phone books and calendars. They were very expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal of electricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause of malfunctions. Classification Of Computers •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers . Computer components include hardware, software. The computers are broadly classified into four categories (Figure 1) based on their size and type-(1) Microcomputers (2) Minicomputers (3) Mainframe computers, and (4) Supercomputer. Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. �qR�t�H�ҵT�1��� �t��w��. %PDF-1.7 %���� Need for logical analysis and thinking – Algorithm – Pseudo code – Flow Chart. Super Computers: Super computers are the fastest, largest and costliest computers available. This document is highly rated by Computer Science Engineering (CSE) students and has been viewed 1969 times. The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS computers are small in size. Computer Fundamental Notes in Hindi PDF Download; Tally ERP 9 Learning Book in Hindi PDF Free Download; All Degree Full Form List – सभी Education Words की List; Classification of Computers on the Basis of Size and Capabilities. Classification of computers in relation to size divides computers into four main categories: mainframe computers, minicomputers, micro-computers and supercomputers. Computer Science Notes for 1st Year for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad & Punjab Boards. They can be held in hands. •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. Computer Programming Pdf Notes 1st Year – CP Pdf Notes. On the basis of data handling. Make sure to comment down your experience regarding our website. The set of instructions is called Program and can be written using artificial languages like Basic, FORTRAN, C, C++, Java etc. • mainframe : A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously. Exercise 1. ͿR��71��6�� D�۱w��?�od�M_�R~��e\A8ˣ�O�a���fbdI�b�O�܏,�)����� Content List Chapter No. The speed is in the 100 million instructions per second range. The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. Briefly describe classification of computers. According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. कार्यप्रणाली के आधार पर इन्हें तीन भागो Analog, Digital, and Hybrid में वर्गीकृत किया गया हैं| Analog Computer वे Computer होते है जो भौतिक मात्राओ, जैसे- दाब (Pressure), तापमान (Tempressure), लम्बाई (Length), ऊचाई (Height) आदि को मापकर उनके परिमाप अंको में व्यक्त करते है ये Computer किसी राशि का परिमाप तुलना के आधार पर करते है जैसे- थर्मामीटर | Analog Computer मुख्य रूप से विज्ञान और इंजीनियरिंग … Exercise 1. !�EЋsD� !��. On the basis of size. Thus any computer which solve problem by translating physical conditions such as flow, temperature, pressure, angular position or voltage into related In addition to the microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering Mini Computers Mini computers were introduced in the 1960s. Classification of computers by type 1. Fixed Point Representation. �I��8}��R�K������v����z�mdcFU�&��b9��}�p�a���xm� ��/[a��r���'�x���3 d��huD���h����WN�$��? Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. Super computers : The super computers are the most high performing system. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. Chapter Name 01 Introduction to computers 02 Computer Components 03 Input / Output Devices 04 Storage Devices 05 Number System 06 ... Q#11: Define computer. /Tabs /S The computer systems can be classified on the following basis: 1. In this article, we classified computers into four, namely: by generation, by size, by type, and by degree of versatility. It is capable of doing word processing, spreadsheets and hand writing recognition, GAME playing, faxing and paging. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. 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