Gazelles are still seen occasionally in the south, as are mouflons (wild sheep) and fennecs (a type of fox) in the Atlas region. This climate is considered to be Csa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. In contrast, the country is in the group of medium-performing countries regarding Renewable Energy. Coastal areas have pronounced subtropical climate. National Strategy for Sustainable Development (NSSD), National Plan Against Global Warming 2009, Action Plan on Climate Change, Adaptation and Resilience (WBG), Tool: Climate and Disaster Risk Screening Tool (WBG). Select a destination to see the climate guide for all months of the year. Decline of traditional government (1830–1912). With government protection, the Barbary macaque now flourishes in the forests of the Middle Atlas. Winter can be fairly cold with frequent frosts during the night. This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning. Climate and seasons Morocco is a land of contrasts. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level. Morocco is located in North Africa along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco climate guide. With a good climate, the month of november is a recommended month to go in Chefchaouen in Morocco. The royal house, the ʿAlawite dynasty, has ruled since the 17th century basing its claim to legitimacy on descent from the Prophet Muhammad. Morocco has a Mediterranean climate that is generally hot and dry for most of the year, with cooler, yet still mild, temperatures and rainfall during the winter months between November and March. The climate comfortable there in this month. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In Morocco, where expensive imported fossil fuels satisfy 97% of its energy demands, the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency is a national priority. The royal family is revered by Moroccan Muslims because of its prophetic lineage. Unique to southwestern Morocco, this tree has a hard fruit that produces a prized cooking oil. However, this sector is facing various challenges, including climate change. The rain in Rabat falls mostly in the winter, with relatively little rain in the summer. The central Rif, for example, receives more than 80 inches (2,030 mm) of precipitation annually, and even the High Atlas, much farther south, receives some 30 inches (760 mm). In Morocco's summer months (June to August) the heat is particularly fierce in the Sahara Desert. Annual Weather Averages Near Casablanca. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Away from the coast, temperatures drop significantly, occasionally dipping below the freezing point. The climate guide for Marrakech, Morocco shows long term monthly weather averages processed from data supplied by CRU (University of East Anglia), the Met Office & the Netherlands Meteorological Institute. Drought results when these ridges persist for extended periods. The average annual temperature in Rabat is 17.9 °C | 64.3 °F. This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Moving towards the interior, the effect of the cold Atlantic current is sharply reduced, so the imperial cities have a climate characterized by hot summers, while winters are slightly colder, partly because of the higher altitude. The brief includes an overview and climate summary of Morocco, as well as projected climate changes. Morocco - Morocco - Climate: Most of Morocco north of the Western Sahara, particularly along the coasts, experiences a typical Mediterranean climate, with mild wet winters and hot dry summers. The climate of the northern Moroccan coast and central areas is Mediterranean, with hot dry summers and mild wet winters. The climate in Morocco Average daytime and nighttime temperatures All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 17 measuring stations in Morocco. Weather & Climate in Morocco by Region . The distinct areas of Morocco make for differing climates across the country. Most of Morocco north of the Western Sahara, particularly along the coasts, experiences a typical Mediterranean climate, with mild wet winters and hot dry summers. Elevation strongly influences this prevailing pattern, however, with significantly greater amounts of precipitation occurring in the mountains. Most Moroccan cities are experiencing a rise in temperature which intensifies the heat. In the broad coastal lowlands, average annual precipitation diminishes progressively from about 32 inches (800 mm) on the northern Gharb plain to less than 8 inches (200 mm) in the Sous valley. Moroccan law mandates freedom of religion, but few non-Muslims reside in the country. Whilst mid-level altitudes and cities along the Atlantic coast - like urban Casablanca and laid back Essaouira are pleasantly hot. The World Bank’s Climate Change Knowledge Portal is best viewed on desktop screens with a screen resolution of 900 pixels or larger. Trade and slavery brought a significant population of sub-Saharan Africans to Morocco, and their descendants now live chiefly in the southern oases and in the larger cities. Morocco is further advancing its climate policies and may as one of the few developing countries be able to curb its emissions by 2030. Marrakech sees a lot of sunshine and has a characteristically hot and dry summer. Most of Morocco has a tropical, wet climate, which should come as no surprise considering that the northernmost tip of the country is only nine miles from Spain.In fact, the weather in many areas of Morocco—outside the arid desert in eastern Morocco near Merzouga—is essentially Mediterranean. © 2020 The World Bank Group, All Rights Reserved. Some segments of the population are descendants of refugees from Spain who fled from the Reconquista, the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula in the 15th century. Climate change poses a significant threat to Morocco’s water and environmental resources, which are already under extensive pressure from population explosion, industrial growth, tourism development activities and agricultural extension. Climate data and weather averages in Casablanca. In general the country has a tropical climate, with temperatures reaching as high as 35°C (95°F) and as low as 5°C (41°F) in the Sahara. In the lowlands near the coast, summer heat is reduced by cool onshore breezes. This makes it a good destination all year round. Since independence, the Moroccan government has established several large plantations of this tree surrounding the Mamora Forest. In the rugged highlands south of Essaouira, vast open forests of argan (Argania spinoza) are found. Temperatures rise dramatically, often reaching 105 °F (41 °C). Arabic, one of the national and official languages of Morocco, is spoken by two-thirds of the population, and Modern Standard Arabic is taught in schools. Winters are very mild, with quite rare rains, while summers are warm but without excesses, and with no rain. Having been preserved in Amazigh enclaves, it is spoken by roughly one-third of the people. This climate is considered to be Csa according to the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. Average daily summer temperatures in the coastal cities range from 64 to 82 °F (18 to 28 °C). Morocco ratified the Paris Agreement on September 21, 2016 and the associated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) can be found here. Morocco Seasons & Climate. Thus Morocco has the following climate zones: Mediterranean: Dominates the coastal Mediterranean regions of the country, along the (500 km strip), and some parts of the Atlantic coast. But this is reasonably and it is only of temporary showers. Is the northernmost point of Africa farther north than the southernmost point of Europe? Climate data and weather averages in Fes. In a very similar picture to last year, Morocco falls one place and now ranks sixth within the group of high-performing countries. On many lower mountain slopes, cutting, grazing, and burning the original vegetation have produced an often dense cover of maquis, or scrub growth, characterized by various associations of wild olive, mastic tree, kermes oak (Quercus coccinea), arbutus, heather, myrtle, artemisia, cytisus (Medicago arborea), broom, and rosemary. See if your geographic knowledge points north or south in this journey through Africa. English is increasingly used as well. The climate in Morocco The climate in Morocco is subtropical.  Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval. While climate change has an effect on many regions of the world, its impact is often felt to a higher degree in areas where people spend significant periods of time outdoors. In recent decades, Morocco has experienced substantial economic and social development within the context of climate change that has an impact on all sectors. High-pressure ridges, moreover, periodically develop offshore during the rainy season, shifting storms to the north. Rabat climate summary The Rabat lies on 24m above sea level The climate in Rabat is warm and temperate. Weather is formed by cold Atlantic currents, impact of the Sahara desert and mountains. All data correspond to the … Morocco knows it will be affected by climate change, it’s just a question of how badly. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 17 and 31 degrees. Morocco, with its nomadic communities and extensive agricultural industry, is one such example. Morocco. Torrential downpours occasionally produce devastating floods, but overall several factors act to reduce the country’s rainfall. The average annual temperature in Rabat is 17.9 … The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099. Morocco’s rural northeast coast, including Nador and Berkane provinces, is increasingly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, including sea level rise, storm surges, and coastal flooding. Like other countries in the MENA region, climate change is expected to significantly impact Morocco on multiple dimensions. Only in a few humid months per year the intense of rain is a bit higher. Farther south, beyond the Anti-Atlas, semiarid conditions quickly fade into desert. In Morocco, as is common throughout the western Mediterranean region, centuries of human activity have considerably altered the natural vegetation. Sustainable Development has been integrated at the highest legislative level, with the 2011 Constitution and the 2014 Charte Nationale de l'Environnement et du Developpement Durable. Get the latest coronavirus (COVID-19) updates for Morocco with current travel advice, statistics and online resources.. Below are average maximum temperatures at popular destinations in Morocco for next month - December. In the interior, however, daily highs frequently exceed 95 °F (35 °C). Weather- and climate-wise, Morocco is an ideal destination for travelers, as it has plenty of sunshine and moderate temperatures throughout much of the country. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Morocco. Morocco is composed mainly of Arabs and Imazighen or an admixture of the two. Morocco Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Morocco has a large rural population that is highly dependent on natural resources and, thus, very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Average daily winter temperatures range from 46 to 63 °F (8 to 17 °C). East of Rabat is the extensive cork oak Mamora Forest. This study aims to assess relevant indicators that may affect land suitability, water demand, and crop growing season duration under climate change. As a coastal country with hot and arid climates, environmental impacts are likely to be wide and varied. The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016. Tamazight-speaking inhabitants are divided into three ethnolinguistic groups: the Rif people (also called Riffi, or Riffians) of the Rif Mountains, the people of the Middle Atlas, and the people of the High Atlas and the Sous valley. Outside the desert areas, the vegetation of Morocco resembles that of the Iberian Peninsula. Find out more about our data sources. Expansion of renewables is continuing as planned, but the construction of new coal fired power plants may lock the country into higher emissions. Many travellers consider spring – around April to May – to be the best time to visit this exotic country, as the weather is comfortably warm at that time. TUI: Top deals on Morocco holidays. The rain in Rabat falls mostly in the winter, with relatively little rain in the summer. In the arid interior plains, the dwarf palm, jujube tree, esparto grass, and Barbary fig (introduced from the Americas by way of Spain in the 16th century) cover vast areas. Moreover, analysis of these environmental changes on the economy of Morocco are expected to create challenges at all levels of the economy, especially in the agricultural systems and fisheries which employ half of the population, and account for 14% of GDP. Climate Change Policy in Morocco. It is already feeling the effects: The rate of economic growth fell to 1.5% this year because of a severe drought in 2015. The country also has other national strategies such as the National Plan Against Global Warming 2009 and sectoral strategies developed by concerned ministries that address climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts such as the National Water Strategy. Many Imazighen also speak Arabic, and Tamazight is taught in schools. Jews constituted a fairly large minority until the mid-20th century, when, in the aftermath of the foundation of Israel and the start of the Arab-Israeli conflict, many felt compelled to leave the country; most emigrated to Israel, Europe, and South and North America. With 3.1in over 8 days, rain may occur for your journey. In winter the marine influence again moderates temperatures in the coastal regions. Islam is the official state religion, and the vast majority of Moroccans are Sunni Muslims of the Mālikī rite. Large migratory birds that sojourn in Morocco include the stork, which picturesquely builds its nests on city ramparts and mosque rooftops, and the flamingo, pelican, and cattle egret. Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. As in many Islamic countries, Sufism claims adherents, and forms of popular religion—including the veneration of saints and the visitation of tombs—are widely practiced. The Amazigh language, known as Tamazight, became an official language in 2011. Large game has been progressively eliminated in Morocco since Roman times, when lions and elephants were still abundant. Also included is information on sector impacts and vulnerabilities to climate change, the policy context and information regarding ongoing climate change projects in Morocco. Morocco is located in North Africa along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Agriculture plays a crucial role in the economic development in Morocco, contributing to 14% of the national gross domestic product. While there are differences among these dialects, they are mutually comprehensible. Agriculture is important to the country’s economy and food security; it is practiced on 67% of the total area land, employs about 41% of the population and, in 2009, contributed 16% to the total gross domestic product. Annual Weather Averages Near Fes. The climate … Morocco is a country full of diversity and contrast especially when it comes to cultures, arts, and cuisine. If crops have not been harvested, damage can be extensive from the desiccating effects of the sharqī. There is little natural vegetation in the desert areas east of the mountains, although the date palm, introduced to Morocco at a very early period, is extensively cultivated in the desert oases. VIEW ALL TRIPS IN MOROCCO . In drier mountain areas open forests of thuja, juniper, and Aleppo (Pinus halepensis) and maritime pine are common. Morocco's Department of Environment within the Ministry of Energy, Mining, Water and Environment is the government body looking at climate change policies and played a major role in developing the country’s National Strategy for Sustainable Development (NSSD) in 2014. Seasons and Weather. In addition, Lapped by the water of the Mediterranean in the north and by the waves of the Atlantic Ocean to the west, it is also crisscrossed by the Rif and Atlas Mountains, which means the country is affected by a host of climatic influences. Extensive forests are still found in the more humid mountainous areas, with cork oak, evergreen oak, and deciduous oak on the lower slopes and fir and cedar at higher elevations, particularly in the Middle Atlas. This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors. So it is much drier and warmer than in the most parts of the US or Central Europe. Located on the southern shore of the Mediterranean, at the gates of Europe and northern Africa, Morocco has always been a crossroads of civilizations. The best time of year to visit Marrakech in Morocco. The country ranks among the top ten in the categories GHG Emissions, Energy Use and Climate Policy that are all rated comparatively high. Diversity of weather conditions of Morocco is undeniable and is the result of geographic features of the location. Weather stations at an altitude above 1520m have not been included. Morocco’s mountains create a significant rain shadow, directly east of the mountains, where in the lee of the prevailing winds, desert conditions begin abruptly. The climate in Morocco is as varied as its diverse geography. The cold Canary Current off the western shores also induces atmospheric stability and further decreases the potential for precipitation. Please return to the site on a device that supports 900 pixels or larger screens. As a result, rainfall levels are relatively low and gradually decrease from north to south. Snow is common at approximately 6,500 feet (2,000 metres), and the snowpack lingers in the highest elevations until late spring or early summer. Sizable numbers of Imazighen live mainly in the country’s mountainous regions—long areas of refuge for them where they can preserve their language and culture. Agriculture consumes over 83% of harvested water, but water scarcity and irregularity are major hindrances to its development. Morocco is being hit hard by climate change as it is located at one of the most arid regions in the planet. The climate in Morocco in august ranges from perfect to good depending on the region and city. French is an important secondary language, and Spanish is widely spoken. The climate of Marrakech is continental; this means that it is mainly dry and it can be quite extreme at times. Morocco has a large rural population that is highly dependent on natural resources and, thus, very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The climate in Rabat is warm and temperate. Climate and Average Weather in Morocco. Averages are for Casablanca Airport, which is 3 miles from Casablanca. The coastline is very important not only in defining the country’s climate, but also in commercial exchange, fishing, tourism and development. In late spring or summer, the sharqī (chergui)—a hot, dusty wind from the Sahara—can sweep over the mountains into the lowlands, even penetrating the coastal cities. So specific weather is depending on certain location in Morocco. Eucalyptus, originally from Australia, was introduced by French authorities during the colonial period for reforestation. The country seeks to exploit its vast wind and solar resources. Morocco’s climate is very diverse, varying with the season and region. Morocco has wide-ranging geological formations, including a vast coastline, interior lowlands extending into the foothills and highlands of the Rif Mountains and the Middle Atlas and High Atlas ranges which sore up to 13,700 f / 4150 m. Torrential downpours occasionally produce devastating floods, but overall several factors act to reduce the country’s rainfall. Averages are for Fes-Sais, which is 7 miles from Fes. Both have long since disappeared. The north coast and Rif Mountains enjoy a temperate Mediterranean climate with long, hot, sunny days. This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas. The clear sky promotes sunshine which can be inconvenient, especially in the middle of the day. The rainy season generally extends from October to April. The country has no indigenous Christian population to speak of, and its Jewish community has dwindled to a few thousand. Since Rio in 1992, Morocco has shown great commitment to support its transition to sustainable development. Morocco’s National Circumstances. Climate - Agadir (Morocco) Average weather, temperature, rainfall, sunshine hours In Agadir, a city located in the southern part of the coast of Morocco, the climate is a bit peculiar: it's subtropical oceanic, temperate and arid. Morocco is on the southern margins of the mid-latitude tract of frontal storm systems that regularly traverse the North Atlantic. Morocco - Climate data - Climate information and average monthly temperature, humidity, rainfall, snowfall, daylight, sunshine, UV index, and sea temperature for all cities and towns. Marrakesh In particular, in Marrakesh, 450 meters (1,450 ft) above sea level, the average ranges from 12 °C (53.5 °F) in January to 28 °C (82 °F) in July and August. Summers are hot to moderately hot and dry, average highs are between 29 °C (84.2 °F) and 32 °C (89.6 °F). The rainy season generally extends from October to April. However, the richest fauna in Morocco today is the bird life.