They like a slightly acidic soil pH. Within the petunia family, there is great variety: single and double blooms, ruffled or smooth petals, striped, veined or solid colors, mounding and cascading habits and even some with fragrance. It is drought tolerant, and in fact, throughout our brutal Central Texas summers, I give mine nary a drop of supplemental water and they do just fine. Petunias require a light, fertile soil that provides good drainage. Do annuals require different care or more intensive care … Petunias prefer full sun and will produce the most flowers if they get it. Plant your petunias in spots where they will receive at least lots of sunlight all summer long to encourage blooming. Types Of Petunia Plants – What Are The Different Petunia Flowers, Choosing Red Petunias: What Are Some Popular Red Petunia Varieties, Multiflora Rose Control: Tips On Managing Multiflora Roses In The Landscape, Planting A Giving Garden: Food Bank Garden Ideas, Giving To Food Deserts – How To Donate To Food Deserts, December To-Do List – What To Do In December Gardens, Apple Maggot Prevention: Apple Maggot Signs And Control, Growing Thyme Indoors: How To Grow Thyme Indoors, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables, Gratitude For The Garden – Being Grateful For Each Growing Season, 7 Reasons To Do Your Garden Shopping Locally, Thankful Beyond Words – What Represents Gratefulness In My Garden. Growing petunias is easy and rewarding. Petunias also prefer warmer temperatures for germination. Care of petunias includes regular watering and as much sunlight as possible to promote multiple blooms. But they also don’t like wet feet. Easily grown in enriched well-draining soil. Grandiflora petunias produce the largest flower heads, usually 3 to 5 inches. Impatiens are a better choice for blooming in shady places. If your petunias are in the shade, that might be your problem. Water the hanging petunias daily, especially in the heat of the summer. Petunia Olerato Morake is on Facebook. Just remember that starting from seed takes longer so begin at least ten to 12 weeks before your outside planting date. Your flowering plants from South America are used to the full sun. Spreading petunias may need weekly fertilization, while container-grown plants will respond well to a time-release fertilizer. You can find petunias in just about every color but true blue and with growing habits that mound in borders or trail down containers. To enhance flower-bearing, you can remove wilted flowers regularly. Wave series are faster growers. Monthly feeding or foliage feeding will give your petunias the energy they need to stay in bloom. They need at least five to six hours of sunlight, but they will perform even better if they are located in full sunlight all day long. Growth habits range from slightly mounded to trailing, depending on the variety. ... Care Information. Mexican petunia bushes take full sun—the more direct sun they receive, the more flowers will bloom. Sign up for our newsletter. Petunias are one of the most popular garden flowers for both borders and containers. High-impact color from late spring until first frost for baskets, containers or seasonal borders. As you learn how to grow and plant petunias, you will never be at a loss for a beautiful bloom for a full sun area. Spreading petunias will do best with daily watering little and often. Join Facebook to connect with Petunia Olerato Morake and others you may know. The more shade they receive, the fewer flowers they'll produce. Petunias thrive in an open spot that receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sun a day. Edging plants, summer beds and petunias grown in containers favor a good soaking less frequently. The amount of water petunias need vary by their type. Shade or even partial shade doesn’t suit its blooming needs well, and you won’t get the abundance of bright flowers you hope for or expect. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Although some species of petunias are tropical perennials, today’s hybrids are usually grown as annuals, so hardiness zones are not a factor in growing them. It is preferable to let the ground dry up somewhat before … Growing petunias can offer long term color in the summer landscape and brighten dreary borders with lovely pastel colors. The Differences in Petunia Care Routines. Petunias love full sun! Open blooms on the petunia are best removed after planting for a more abundant show in the future. Proper petunia care involves removing spent blooms and the seeds they may produce. Multiflora petunias have flower heads that are roughly 2 inches. As they are heavy feeders, petunias care will also include weekly feedings. Petunias have wide trumpet-shaped flowers and branching foliage that is hairy and somewhat sticky. Even the newer varieties that say they don’t require deadheading will benefit from a pinching or shearing mid-season. Mexican petunia (Ruellia brittoniana) is a low-growing evergreen shrub with long leaves and blue or purple petunia … Hundreds of cultivars of petunias are available to the gardener for use in a range of garden designs. The Ball Horticultural Company recommends that these plants get at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. They need a sunny spot and grow best with regular watering, plus a liquid plant food every two to three weeks. Typically, petunias only need to be watered once a week, but Supertunias grow faster than traditional petunias and need more frequent watering. Let Your Petunia Dry Between Waterings. Spreading ground cover petunias are pickiest about water; weekly waterings should be included in the care of petunias. 1. Although petunias like cool weather, they are not frost-tolerant. In Florida, October and November are the best time to plant petunias. Wave petunias thrive in bright, sun-drenched locations. Too much water will cause the plants to become "leggy", with lots of stem and few flowers. Start the seeds on heating pads or on top of your refrigerator. During spells of high temperatures, feel free to water in the evening to avoid having your petunia dry out. Six to 24 inches tall and spreads of up to three feet, Hardy Chrysanthemum (Garden Mum) Plant Profile. If you're planting petunias as a groundcover, be sure to space plants 12 to 18 inches apart. It comes in a rainbow of c… Caring for Wave petunias is a simple task and won’t take much time at all. Soak in sun. This is not always a pleasant task since the foliage is sticky and blossoms that have been rained on will turn into slimy mush. Petunias may recover from the underwatering shock, but overwatering is the main reason … Your planters are like mini landscape environments that need to be fertilized, pruned, dead-headed and cared for just like the rest of your landscape. When purchasing young petunias, choose plants with a compact form and unopened buds. Petunias are usually carefree growers although they can get pummeled by rain. They produce flowers in a broad range of colors including pastels, bright neons, and blends. The more shade they are in, the less blooms they will produce. When deadheading the growing petunias, remove the base of the flower to include seed removal. Some varieties will require frequent deadheading and some stem pruning to continue setting flower buds. Full sun is ideal for petunias but they will also grow in partial sun, according to Missouri Botanical Garden. Petunias need at least six hours of sun, but full sun from morning to mid-afternoon brings on their best performance. Extreme heat can cause petunia plants to stop setting flowers until the temperature drops. Sun Spun™ Petunias produce a profusion of colorful blooms on tidy, compact plants with excellent mildew tolerance. They are prolific bloomers, although some forms require deadheading to keep them going. These plants want to grow and thrive, and seem to increase on a daily basis. Our company is committed towards developing and formulating high quality natural and organic skincare products for your skin and beauty needs. They also work in unusual containers like colanders or even plastic laundry baskets. When potting, use a free-draining soilless potting mix fortified with a slow-release fertilizer. You can find petunias in just about every color but true blue and with growing habits that mound in borders or trail down containers. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. To bloom abundantly, petunias require a good soak in the sun for at least 6 hours. Garden petunias like a balanced fertilizer such as 8-8-8, 10-10-10, or 12-12-12. Sun: All petunias want a full day of sun because the more shade they are planted in, the fewer flowers they can produce. While petunias will grow in a partially shaded location, a fuller and more abundant bloom is produced in full sun. They grow easily when you transplant them to the garden, and this should be done in the spring when the threat of frost has passed. You can almost always find a color to compliment your décor or other flowers in your landscape. Petunia seeds are tiny and fine but they need light to germinate; don’t cover the seed with soil but rather sprinkle the seeds on top of the soil and pat lightly, for good contact. A classic spiller plant, they have a trailing habit and look great in hanging baskets, bowls, or mixed containers. Weekly, deep watering is sufficient—except for spreading and container-grown petunias, which may require daily watering. Once you get your night sky petunia seeds, it's time to get the process started. Petunias need at least 5 or 6 hours of good sunlight; they'll perform even better when located in full sun all day. Wave petunias are a spreading variety with flower heads a little larger than multifloras of 2 ½ to 3 inches in diameter. If you live in a cold region, you may have trouble with germination. 2. Mexican petunia is generally highly prized as a shade plant, but if your summers aren’t too brutal, the plant may be able to take full sun. Your watering habits are the most critical element to the success of your petunias. New petunia varieties come out every year, making older varieties obsolete, but here are some particular favorites. The color of the stems will vary depending on the light conditions—the more light the plant receives, the more purple you will find on their stems. To determine whether petunias need water, insert your finger 1 inch into the soil of the hanging basket. Petunias need full sun or they will become spindly. This petunia and verbena mix is planted in full sun to maximize flowering. How far back to pinch depends on the plant. That’s at least six hours of sunlight a day. Hang the petunia basket in a location that receives at least six hours of direct sun each day for best results. Petunia Skincare produces its products in small batches to guarantee freshness and are packaged under secure and sanitary conditions in state of the art, FDA-certified facilities in the USA. They need a drink but they don’t like bathing in water all day in full sun. They love warmth and sunlight. Most petunia varieties prefer full sun, but in the heat of summer, partial shade will keep them refreshed and blooming better. Calibrachoa, also known as Million Bells, is one of the most popular plants for growing in containers. Petunias are one of the most popular plants to grow for people everywhere, and for good reason. Double and single blooms offer a selection of solid and multi-colored flowers. For the best performance, plant petunias in full sun (at least six hours a day). Soil prepared before planting petunias should have well-composted organic matter worked in. Note that petunias also do fine in partial sun, which is considered to be 3-6 hours of sunlight per day. Petunias will grow best in full sun and well-drained soil that is kept moist. Add water to the top of the hanging basket until moisture drips out of the bottom drainage holes. In early to mid-July, start using a liquid fertilizer every two to three weeks. Wait until all danger of frost is past before planting your petunias outdoors. You can grow petunias from seeds, but it is easier to grow them from transplants. The Supertunia® series of petunias, part of the Proven Winners® plant line, are extremely vigorous bloomers that have the advantage of being self-cleaning, so no deadheading is needed. When the branches start to get long and you can see where all the previous flowers were along the stem, it’s time to cut them back and refresh the plant. Spreading ground cover petunias are pickiest about water; weekly waterings should be included in the care of petunias. Care of petunias will include regular fertilization with a balanced, water soluble fertilizer designed for blooming plants. They are quite versatile, growing in different types of soil, but it is important that the soil drains well and doesn’t stay wet. Watering is essential. But be judicious with water and make sure the soil is well drained. If the seedling has gotten gangly, you can pinch back by half. Calibrachoa is a prolific bloomer and produces one-inch blossoms that resemble tiny petunias. Petunia container care is very easy. If you are growing petunias in containers, plant them in a commercial potting soil mix. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Plant them in full sun in moist, well-drained soil. To grow petunias directly in a bed or border, … Proper light, water, and fertilization when caring for petunias will ensure a long season of beautiful blooms. Older varieties of petunias require diligent deadheading or they will stop blooming. It's simple to care for petunia plants, but there are a few tips and tricks that will keep your young plant's life cycle long. Think of it this way, for Supertunias sun = energy – they need this energy to keep producing more flowers, because flowers require energy to produce. T… It might be worth the challenge to grow petunias from seed, especially if you're trying for a particular variety. Water … Hummingbird and butterfly friendly. They don’t tend to flower in the shade. If you're using a porous hanging basket, such as one made out of moss or burlap, spritz and soak the sides of the baske… The Care & Maintenance of a Mexican Petunia. Pour water into the top of the container until the water runs out the bottom of the plant pot. The plants like a loose, rich, slightly moist soil. In terms of moisture, petunias need more. However, most petunia varieties will bloom throughout the summer, except in extreme heat. Soil in containers is prone to heating up and drying out much faster than soil in the garden, but petunias are particularly hot and dry hardy. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener. Although some species o… The more energy the plant has the better the flowering. Grow petunias in full sun to get the most blooms. Planting and Care. Once the seed has germinated, move them from the warm area and let them grow on in cooler temperatures. Best blooming in full sun for cooler summer regions but will need some shade warmer regions. 1 Place the container where the petunias receive a minimum of five to six hours of bright sun per day. Four species of petunias include hundreds of cultivars and offer a perfect addition to the home landscape: Care of petunias includes regular watering and as much sunlight as possible to promote multiple blooms. Petunia are heat tolerant, drought tolerant, and sun tolerant. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. This doesn’t mean you should neglect your petunias, but you should allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings. If it is a short, stocky seeding, just pinch an inch or less. Milliflora petunias are 1 to 1.5 inches. Petunias allowed to go to seed will slow or stop blooming. Other plants will start to wilt if they get too much water. Monrovia's Crazytunia® Petunia details and information. They can survive in partial sun as long as they get 5 to 6 hours of direct light every day. Full sun is considered to be 6-8 of direct sunlight a day. They come in a myriad of colors and availability. Because of their profuse blooms, petunias are excellent in hanging baskets, either alone or as a trailing plant in a mixed planting. However, most petunia varieties will bloom throughout the summer, except in extreme heat. Julie Thompson-Adolf is a master gardener and author with 13+ years of experience with year-round organic gardening, seed starting and saving, growing heirloom plants, perennials, and annuals, and sustainable and urban farming. While petunias will grow in a partially shaded location, a fuller and more abundant bloom is produced in full sun. Like many flowering annuals, petunias don’t like to be dry for long periods. Most of the petunias sold today are hybrids, developed for specific design purposes. Petunias can be grown in the garden or in containers including hanging baskets. Lack of sun can also lead to the wilting of petunias. Keep your potted plants in a spot that receives full sun. Petunias Should Be Planted in Full Sun. Containers of petunias can be placed in strategic areas of the garden, to add color where needed. After learning how to plant petunias you can include them in your flower bed and container garden. Petunias repeat bloom throughout the summer. Another crucial element for the success of your garden variety wave petunia is sunlight. Proper petunia care is simple and easy. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. When planting, pinch the seedling back to encourage more branching and a fuller plant. Water a Supertunia hanging basket every day. Petunias are one of the most popular garden flowers for both borders and containers. Adequate sun is an important requirement for successfully growing petunias. Pruning and caring for surfinia. They are prolific bloomers, although some forms require deadheading to keep them going. Heat- and drought-tolerant, petunias are tough plants that thrive with minimal care. Keep the soil moist, but never soggy. They can withstand shade and partial shade but will be less productive if planted in these areas. It prefers Full sun and that’s the reason it is grown in the USDA hardiness zones 8-11. Additionally, because hanging baskets are exposed on all sides to wind and sun, the soil dries out faster. Learn more about Monrovia plants and best practices for best possible plant performance. *Those living in USDA Zones 9-11 and other warmer regions can provide shade in the afternoon. In very hot climates, petunias may need a little shade in the late afternoon to keep producing flowers. 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